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Andaman & Nikobar Islands
Andaman & Nikobar Islands:
The splendid looking Andaman and Nicobar Island, floating in seclusion, has been formed with 572 emerald islands on Indian Ocean. The beautiful islands are covering a straggling area of 725 km. The maximum height of the Undulating islands is 732 meters. Volcanoes are scattered on the Islands. Baren Island, about 135 km away from Port Blair, located in the sought after and very well known capital of Andaman and Nicobar, is the only living volcano in India. Baratang and Rotland Islands are the largest among all the splendid Islands of Andaman and Nicobar. Landfall and Little Andaman Islands are located in the north and in the south of Andaman and Nicobar Island respectively. The fascinating islands are fringed with deep and rich forests. Kar Nicobar is an exception though. The permission is always granted for Indians to visit the Islands except the islands which are full of tribes. For that a special permission will allow you to witness the tribal lifestyles.
Out of 130 islands only 36 islands provide amenities for human existence. Nevertheless the process of extending the locality to other islands is also on its way. Uncivilized and cruel Angamanian tribes are the residents of many islands. Previously Andaman and Nicobar were popularly known as a country of naked men.
Most of the parts of 2580 square miles of islands are located in the shades of rich and evergreen forests. The first light of sunrise reflected on transparent sea water, creates a mind blowing sight. Many have described Andaman and Nicobar in many languages and in many ways but the unmatched splendor of these islands has always fascinated everyone.
Andaman and Nicobar two different groups of Islands are placed at both the sides of 10 degree channel. North, Middle, South and little islands are located in the Andaman Islands whereas great Nicobar, Kar Nicobar, Kachal, Nankouri, Chaora, Terresa and campbel bay are the well known islands of Nicobar group of Islands. Both of these Islands witnessed the battle for freedom before the independence of India.
The Islands had seen the best development of infrastructure when it was under the control of Japan. Clean and wide roads, pollution free air, modern airport and shades for huge ships have made the place a coveted business hub and tourist destination.
The chief inhabitants of these Islands are tribal. But due to the development of the society and economy the numbers of tribes are always falling fiercely. 700 square km of southern Andaman is covered with rugged hills and prolonged woods. The light of modern civilization has not yet fallen on the cultures and customs of cruel tribes, Jaroa, the inhabitant of southern Andaman. Attempt to bring them back into the refined society has failed many times. Due to the epidemics a large number of tribal, great Andamanese, have died. Only 33 of them are living in 603 hectors of Straight Island. But the touch of urban lifestyle and modern amenities already have an impact on the social systems of Ongi communities who live in 100 square km of lands around Dughang and southern parts of Andaman and Nicobar. They are not anymore unclothed. Small cottages and schools are built as a part of their newly built but traditional society. The numbers of these tribes are lessening day by day though. In North Centennial, 150 centinneleze tribes are living in the same cruel and undeveloped society. They not only dislike looking at the people belonging to civilized society but also attack them brutally. Hunting is their chief profession which they follow sincerely to uphold their ethnicity. Separate islands are there for each and every tribe. Communities belonging to dissimilar faiths like- Bengali, Tamil, Malayalam, and Backward Tribes are living together in complete comfort and harmony. Instead of the differences in social status, antisocial activities are not noticeable.
The astonishing facade of Andaman and Nicobar Islands are not only attracting tourists of India but also a large number of foreigners. The brightness of golden sands, emerald water and cool breeze around the locality welcome tourists. The Indian Ocean is different with its splendor. It looks amazing under the blue sky. Tourists should not miss out the pleasure of water sports. Colorful and teasing fishes, various unknown and strange looking stones and flora under the transparent water are the hot and imperative enticements. The groups of Islands look like a well planned creation of Mother-Nature. 86% of Andaman and Nicobar are covered with forests which make the batch of Islands rich in natural resources. More than 3000 species of vegetations are there, out of which 221 species are only present in the land of golden sands. Hundreds of orchid species look really attractive. More than 45 species of vegetation are used to make medicines for the local mass. Tic, Mahogany, Rosewood and rubber are produced here. The coconut trees at the roadside sway with the breeze. When 242 kinds of birds sing, it creates a soothing tune. The splendid flowers coupled with the colorful orchids will please you. 58 types of mammals and 83 species of reptiles give you an idea about the variety of denizens in the Islands. The traditions of yester years are not anymore paramount because of the urbanization but the mild weather and dotted finery of the land entice many. The ocean is violent in rainy season and it was really destructive when the tsunami hit the Islands. But to enjoy the beauty of the vicious ocean, it is important to arrange the trip during rainy season.
Click here for the official site of Andaman & Nikobar Islands.