Andhra Pradesh: Nagarjunakonda


Pullareddygudem, about 175 km from Viajayawada, the old petite village of Andhra Pradesh, located on the lingering southern banks of Krishna River, is now known as Nagarjunakonda.

The ancient Vijayapuri, Dhanyakatak and Buddhavihar were discovered by A R Saraswati in 1926. Vijayapuri (Nagarjunkonda) was known to be the prime pilgrimage spot of South India for more than 500 years. The chief shrine in the locale was built by the king Ashoka. The formation of this Buddha vihar, Nagarjunaknda, looks like Amaravati. However, this finicky Buddha Vihar was formed at an altitude of 244 meters and was covering a rambling area of 23 square km.

The old historical village still carries the memories of Math, shrine, Vihar and university. Ruins of these remarkable edifices are still visible in the proximity. The carvings on white marbles have a power to rejuvenate your inner sole. To protect the place, a fort was built in Nagarjunakonda. Shiva pilgrims congregate on the opposite banks of Krishna River in Yeleswaram.

Viayapuri was the main place where from the cultures and traditions of Buddha religion was spread to Srilanka, Myanmar, Thailand, China and many other countries of the world. The Buddha saint, Nagarjuna, came to Vijayapuri all the way from Srilanka to spread Buddha religion and from his name the place has got its name as Nagarjunakonda. Nagarjuna was the principal and the source of inspiration of the University of Nagarjunakonda. Students used to come from different corners of the world to Nagarjunakonda.

The place was wonderful with surrounding black hills and Krishna River. Excavation has revealed the richness of Nagarjunakonda. Excavation has confirmed the existence of numerous items from various eras. Shrines, Vihars, Chaitya, Mandap, Marble carvings, Roman coins, idols of Buddha, Jain Tirthankar, Vishnu, Ganesha, Nandi, Shiva and Shiva-jaya shakti were excavated from Nagarjunakonda. Human skeletons of the Neolithic era were also found after excavation.

However, the main and most important attraction of Nagarjunakonda is the biggest multipurpose dam, located at a distance of 11 km from Buddha Vihar, on Krishna River. The dam resembles the structure of the Oswar dam of Egypt. The 124 meters tall dam is covering a straggling area of 1 km. 26 slues gates of the dam are helping it to control the floods of the city. The reservoir, formed adjacent to the dam, is covering sprawling lands of 175 square km. Dhanyacuttack, Vijayapuri, Sriparbat and many more Buddha pilgrimage places went under the water of the reservoir. To protect the adjoining places and weaken the water pressure a wall of soil was built around the reservoir. The third largest artificial Lake of the world is known as Nagarjuna Sagar. The water reservoir is the prime source of supplying water to the 2.3 million acres of farmlands. A water power plant has been installed in the proximity with the capacity of producing 400 mega watts of power. Jawahar canal, situated at the right hand side of the dam, is the largest canal of the world. The water of Lalbahadur canal, situated at the left hand side of the dam, is gracefully making its way through a slender cave.

North Vijayapuri and south vijayapuri are two twin cities which were formed in the north and in the southern sides of the dam respectively.

A museum which showcases plenty of ancient substances is situated on the Nagarjuna hills. The majestic architectures of the museum look similar to that of the Buddha Vihar. The Buddha idol, built on the white stones looks marvelous.

9 mausoleums on the tila and 14 replicas of the ruins are recreated for the tourists. The mesmerizing orchards at the roadside on the way to the museum look amazing.

Interested holiday makers can enjoy the awe inspiring boat ride on the water of the reservoir for an hour. 11 km long yachting will free you from the worries of the mundane daily life.

Anup village, located in the eastern side of the Nagarjuna sagar, houses Amphi theatre, Harithi temple, 2 Maths, temple and many more archeological replicas.

Located at a distance of 3 km, Pailas, houses a beautiful shrine of stones. The architectural flair of the shrine is mind blowing. The model of Nagarjuna Sagar which is maintained in Pailas is another imperative allurement. The architecture of the neighboring Shiva temple and the newly built Srirammandir look wonderful to the eyes of the temple lovers. About 7 km from Pailas town, the Pailas view point, offers a bird’s eye view of the contiguous areas.
Ithipothala waterfall, about 11 km from Pailas, is impressive. The meaning of Ithipothala in Telugu language is “Lift and Pour”. Chandrabhanka River, one of the tributaries of the River Krishna, is coming down fiercely from a height of 21 meters and is meeting with Krishna River. The scenic beauty of Ithipothala looks amazing at night when the adjoining places beam with the lights. Picnic and jaunt lovers will enjoy the neighboring places of the devotional place of Duttatray, the saint or the cave temple.

If you want to stay here to take the pleasure in the vistas of the adjoining spots then you have to stay at Chandrabhanka Rest House of APTDC.

Chennakesab swami temple in Myacherla along with the fine looking carvings of Durgi, and Chennakeshab swami temple of Karampudi are the nearby destinations. Hire a car and visit these interesting spots.

Basar: Basar, on the banks of Godabari River, about 240 km from Hyderabad, houses one and only holy temple of the deity, Saraswati, of Andhra Pradesh. Deities, Saraswati, Lakshmi and Kali are residing in the sanctified temple.
Kantheshwar, the Jain temple, built by the Satbahan king Satkarni, depicts the north Indian architectural grandeur.
Interested and ardent holiday makers should visit Mallaram forest, about 7 km from Nizamabad, Ashokanagar, located at a distance of 7 km from Nizamabad towards Hyderabad and Alisagar, about 10 km from Nizamabad.
Nizamabad and Basar can be accessed by railways and by road from Hyderabad.
Haritha Hotel, Hotel Kapila, Hotel Sridevi, Hotel Mayuri and Haritha Guest House are the notable hotels and guest houses where tourists can stay overnight.

How to reach: Avail a train to Guntur. Nagarjunakonda is well connected to Guntur and Vijayawada by road. Buses of APTDC are going to Nagarjunakonda from Hyderabad frequently. Check out transport links below for complete itinerary.

Where to stay: Hotel Sudarshan, Hotel Ravi Sankar, Hotel Vijoykrishna, Annapurna Hotel and Vijoy Vihar Haritha Hotel are located in Guntur. River View Lodge, Lake View Lodge, Sarovar Hotel and Nagarjuna Resort are other noteworthy hotels and lodges of south Vijayapuri.

Check our hotel booking links below for photos, rates, options and online bookings. 

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