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The name Bihar has emerged from Buddha Math or Monastery Vihara. Bihar has a convergence of multiple religions like Hindu, Buddhist, Jain, Muslims, and Sikhs. Bihar lies between West Bengal in its east and Uttar Pradesh in its west. It is delimited by the country of Nepal in the north and by Jharkhand in the south.
Patna is the head quarters of Bihar. The ancient city of Patna came into existence when Arya community came to Patna and decided to cut down the dense forests and to build a city. The state of Bihar had its boundary from Takhashila at the northen side and Tamilnadu at the southern side of Bihar. king Khipru declared Patali or Pataliputra as the capital of the state. Later king Ashoka took the initiative to spread Buddha religion all over India. The journey started from Bihar and it continued to different parts of India. Goutam Buddha had spent a lot of his days here in Patuluputra. At the banks of Niranjana, in Urubilba village, by the lines of Pipal trees, saint Buddha got the inspiration to start his spiritual journey towards divinity. Urubilba village is well known now as Buddhagaya.
The jain religion also came into existence in Bihar in the contemporary age of Buddha.
Bihar was a state which used to showcase the Hindu culture of India to the other parts of the county at the time of Gupta Empire. They brought back the old lost glory of Bihar. The Hindu cultural excellences came into the picture again after the continual darkness of 600 years. After the Gupta kingdom, the kings of Paul family were responsible for the betterment of Hindu culture and civilization.
After the defeat of Paul family, Bihar came under the control of Muslim kings. From that time Bihar displays its very own and unique blended culture and architecture of Hindus and Muslims.
When the East India Company took the control of Bihar after Mir Kashim lost the battle against the British, Bihar was in Bengal. In 1911, Bihar was separated from the territory of Bengal and Odessa before Bihar got its status of the separate province in 1936. Later, the language became another attribute on the basis of which Purnia and Manbhum got estranged from Bihar and came into the terrain of West Bengal. On 15th November, 2000 Jharkhand which was previously situated in the territory of Bihar wrote its existence on the map of India as another state.
The 3rd highest population, 27th according to the literacy and 12th largest state according to the volume in India, Bihar, is not a state known for its economy. The poor administration has given birth to unruly people. The state is not blessed with the good weather also. Floods in rainy season are almost a routine in every year. Bihar has witnessed destructive natural calamities many times in the past.
There is no dearth of problems but Bihar is coming out of its political and economical problem slowly and strategically. Bihar is definitely not a politically stable state but the attraction of Bihar to the tourists is always worthy of mention.
Buddha Jayanti for Buddhist, Mahavir Jayanti for Jains, and Dashera for Hindus show the diversified and rich culture of Bihar. Chott or the worship of sun after 20 days of Diwali is the most prominent and well known festival of Bihar. The cattle fair of Sonpur (Bihar) is the biggest fair of Asia. Pataliputra festival, and Diwali are the other renowned occasions of Bihar.
Subarnarekha and Balmikinagar, nearby cities to Ranchi, on the banks of the River Gobardhan, are famous for gold. It is a state rich in minerals, and accounts for most of the country’s natural resources.
Click here for the official site of Bihar
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