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Patna, the capital of Bihar, was rebuilt by Sher Shah. Earlier the city covered an area of 3*12 km. The relics of the ancient city were found in Kumarahar, Viknapahari and Bulandi Bag.
The wooden pillars of the assembly hall, the Palace of Mourya Empire, depict Daru architecture. The palace is spreading over a rambling area of 77 square meters. Excavation has confirmed that there was a Buddha monastery in Anandabihar, Patna. The adjoining museum has an assortment of very old and valuable items.
The very rich city Pataliputra is not that far away from Patna. A lot of items of Gupta, Kushan and Sunga Empire were found after excavation over an area of 1 square km in Masar village, situated at a distance of 60 km from Patna. The historical glory of the city is not that prominent now after the destruction of the earthquake in 1934.
Patna is now a well planned city, at a height of 53 meters from the sea level, situated on the banks of the Ganges. The city is spreading over an area of 15 km. A lot of new and innovative buildings are decorating the city. The imperative attractions of Patna are Planetarium, Museum, Khudabaksh Oriental Library, and Golghar.
Collectorate, Judges Court, Medical College, University, Rajbhawan, museum and many more buildings of Patna display the unique and exclusive architectural intelligence. The historical city is now very congested and everyday the population of the city is mounting.
Gandhi Maidan is the heart of Patna. City dwellers should walk around Gandi Maidan and see different buildings and offices in the proximity. Patna is the base station where from tourists can start their journey to different parts of Bihar. Patna is well connected to several places like Nalanda, Rajgir and Vaishali. Most of these places are famous as holy Buddhist tourist destinations. If you plan to go to Kathmandu then Patna is the city which connects Bihar to Kathmandu. Hire a city taxi, auto or rickshaw to travel in and around the city.
Golghar, the granary on the banks of the River Ganges, built by Captain John Garstin in 1786, has a storage capacity of 1, 40,000 ton. The architectural prettiness of the granary is also very beautiful and interesting. The height of it is 29 meters and the width is 3.6 meters. One can climb atop the Golghar through 145 steps of spiral stairway around the monument. The top most point of the Golghar presents a magnificent panoramic view of the city and the Ganges. The exhibition, Son-et-Lumiere, takes place at the premises of Golghar. The Gandhi museum is situated at the opposite side of Golghar.
Don’t forget to visit the Indira Gandhi Planetarium, and Jalan museum at the juncture of Buddha Marg and Beili road. The Khudabaksh Oriental Public Library, built in 1900, is now a national library which has a huge collection of items belonging to the Mug Hal, Rajput, Arabic, and Pursy edge.
Patna museum, about 1 km away from the Public Library, has a fossil (17 meters) which is 200 million years old. The awards of Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the first president of India, are also kept in the museum. Patna museum is rich with its architectural representations of Gupta, Mourya and Kushan era. Tibetan and Chinese paintings along with the terra cotta representations on the idols and coins are imperative attractions of the museum.
Sadakat Ashram, the residence of Rajendra Prasad and the museum on Danapur road, built in the remembrance of Dr. Rajendra Prasad are the must visit places. The Bihar school is built in the rooms of the residence of Dr. Raendra Prasad in 1921. The name of the Sadakat Ashram is linked with the freedom fight of India.
Sahid Ki Makbara, beside the Patna railway station, built by Siraj-Ud-Daula, was a commemorative of Siraj’s father.
Sriharamandirsahib or Patna Sahib, the birth place of Sikh saint Govinda Singh, is a holy pilgrimage spot of Sikh community. The architecture of Patna Sahib is also eye catching. The HaraSahib was reconstructed in 1954 after the destruction by the earthquake in 1934. Don’t forget to visit the adjoining museum. You have to be bare footed and cover your head if you want to get into the HaraMandir.
British symmetry, situated at a distance of 1 km towards the western side of HaraSahib, is also very beautiful.
The fort adjacent to HaraSahib is in ruins. Sher Shah mosque, fort house, Jalan museum, and the old store room of East India Company, Pathhar ki masjid at the back side of the store room, the roman church Padri Ki Haveli, Mausoleum of the British king, Oval shaped Gandhi Maidan, Hanuman temple at the gateway to the railway station, Birla temple, memorial of seven fighters, Secretariat, Rajbhawan, Sanjay Gandhi Biological park or the zoo, Botanical garden, west darwaza, Chiti Patal Devi, Bari Patal Devi, Gandhi bridge, new gurudwar, and Agam well are the coveted destinations of Patna.
Bari Darga, the sacred shrine, built in 1605, was a memorial of Abraham Khan, the Governor of Gujrat. Choti Darga was the commemorative of Shah Daulat, the descendent of Abraham Khan. Dodecagonal (12 sides) tower and the architectural elegance of Dom and balcony are worth seeing.
The Uras festival attracts visitors from different places of Bihar. Don’t forget to savor the taste of sweetmeat of Patna.
How to reach: Patna railway station is very well connected by the railways from different parts of India. Direct trains to Patna start from Sealdah and Howrah railway stations of Kolkata. Patna can be accessed by bus as well from different places of Bihar, and Jharkhand.
Where to stay: Hotel Anand Regency, Hotel central, Hotel Minakshi, Hotel Basundhara, Hotel new Vikram, Hotel Samrat International, Hotel srikrishna and Hotel Mayur are some of the options. Refer to our hotel booking link below for rates, online booking and more options.