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25th Indian state, Goa, is the 28th state of India according to its volume. It is one of the most enticing tourists’ destinations of India. Surrounded by the Arabian ocean at the western side, Goa is protected by the soaring Sahyadri hill, made up of granite and basalt stones, positioned at the eastern tip of Goa. The Sindhudurg district and Koriya district are acting as the boundaries towards northern and southern sides of Goa.
Spread in the shape of half moon, Goa is the homeland of the ancient community called Konkani. According to the mythological tales, Goa was famously known as Govapuri, Gove or Govarashtra. Even though a number of mythological tales and ancient stories have always been associated with the name of Goa but sadly the historical evidences of Goa have now been lost.
Previously belonged to the territory of the central Government of India, Goa, Daman and Deu were three separate districts of India previously. But, on 30th May, 1987, Goa had received the honor of becoming a complete state with 11 adjoining Talukas. However, Daman and Diu are still considered as the provinces under the central Government of India. Panjim, the capital of Goa, has now become one of the prominent tourists’ spots of Goa.
Sheltered by cashew nuts, mangoes and jackfruit trees, Goa is delimited by innumerable rivers which come down from the Western Ghat hill range and Sahyadri hill. It is also bounded by the protracted Arabian ocean. Rivers Mandovi and Zuari together have formed a fascinating creek in Goa. Hamlets which are the natives of countless inhabitants have been formed near the creek. The arid low land of red laterite soil, however, is rich in minerals (Iron, manganese and bauxite).
More than 1/3 city dwellers of Goa live in Gulf nations for building their professional carriers and earning money. If the per capita income is concerned, then Goa stands at the 2nd spot right after Punjab.
Rich in flora and fauna, the Botanist paradise, Goa, covering a rambling terrain of 1424.23 square km of land, exhibits more than 3500 species of shrubs and creepy plants. Bison (National animal), tigers, panthers, leopards, elephants, deer and countless species of birds are the examples of diversified wildlife of Goa. The enthralling and pretty mangrove forest is spread along the mouth of the Mandovi and Zuari Rivers. Apart from the appealing and attention grabbing Goa beaches, wildlife and birdlife of Goa are also pulling crowds in abundance.
Tourists who visit Goa to take pleasure in watching lingering beaches, they would have a good time participating in the water sports of Goa as well. If you are really interested in participating in water sports, then you have to contact the “National Institute of Water Sports”.
The salubrious weather and wonderful natural locale make this place a coveted destination even for the overseas tourists. It’s a heavenly spot where tropical climate can be experienced. The best time to enjoy its weather is autumn. Light woolen garments would be sufficient in winter during the months of December and January.
The entire territory of the Western Ghat hill range and Goa are full of compelling greeneries. Bright rain droplets on the leaves of the green trees and singing birds make this place even more appealing and imposing. The best time to watch the green façade of nature is during monsoon though. For discounts in hotels, you have to flock to Goa this season. The calmness and quietness of Goa is one of the biggest attractions for the tourists who visit Goa in order to explore nature and its serenity.
29 fascinating sea beaches of Goa along the 105 km long coastal lines are completely covered up with golden sands. Beaches, such as, Calangute, Baga, Benaulim, Arambol, Vagator, Chapora, Anjuna in North Goa and Beaches, such as, Colva, Betul, Bagmalo, Palolem in South Goa are said to be the renowned beach destinations of the world. Enjoying a sun bath on the golden sands watching blue waves which are hitting the shore one after the other is an enticing experience. This is a destination for all the romantic people of the Universe. Goa, hence, is a unique paradise in India.
Inhabitants of Goa like to groove with music. They love to partake in festivals. Goa celebrates continuously for 9 months a year. Dramas, Christmas celebrations, Diwali carnivals and Ganesh Chaturthi are the significant festivities of Goa. Food and Cultural Festival held in November every year, on the Miramar beach, deserves praise as well. Another joyful festival, held on the beach, upholds the traditions and cultures of the Christian festival called “Lent”.
“Exposition of the unembalmed miraculously preserved body of St Francis Xavier” on the day of the death of St Xavier (3rd December) in Basilica of Bom Jesus in old Goa is one of the prime festivals of Goa and is held once every 12 years.
The history of Goa is worthy of mention as well. Plenty of imperialistic forces had captured Goa over the years. People of Hindu communities were forced to change their religion. Huge numbers of holy temples of Goa were destructed to give space for the constructions of Churches. The first book of India, written in Portuguese language, was published in Goa during 1557. The name of Goa was mentioned in the Hindu epics, such as, Ramayana, Mahabharata and Purana.
During the ruling period of Portuguese a number of forts were constructed along the coastal lines of Goa. Many of these forts, however, are now in ruins. The office of the Vice Roy in Old Goa, established during the Portuguese period, nevertheless, is still a prime allurement of Goa.
Twisting roads, roads with stones, flanking balconies, roof with red bricks, Roman Catholic Church and sine boards in Portuguese language are still recalling the old cultures and traditions of Portuguese merchants. The modern outlook of the city was given by architects mainly during 1960- 1970.
Candolim Beach, Candolim, North Goa
Click here for the official site of Goa.