Himachal Pradesh

India-Himachal Pradesh

A travel guide to Himachal pradesh

himachal pradesh
Capital - Shimla
Area: 55673 square kilo-meter
Population : 60,77248 (0.59% of the total population in India) It increased by 17.53% during 1991 - 2001. (109 persons per km) Ratio of women is to men = 970:1000 Educated mass comprise of 77.13% of the total population.
Main language spoken - Hindi, Pahari, Punjabi, English
Yearly Income per individual is INR 4005.00 (1989 - 90). Tourism is the main source of income. Wheat, Rice, Barley and Corn produce contributes to 15% of the domestic income. Region is entirely hilly (over 460 - 6600 meter) Travel Season - April to October Rains appear in the months of July and August similar to other north Indian regions. November to March, is snow covered and roads are usually closed. Winter Temp - Max 18.33, Min 5.55 degree Celsius. Summer Temperature can be 32 to 11 degree Celsius. Short trips to each of the destinations are better than taking all at one go. It will never be enough though. Shimla, Manali and other higher regions can go below 0 degree. Heavy woolens in winter are a must. For summer and spring, light woolens are sufficient.


The wild life is spread across Himachal. Various types of birds can be found nesting in the region. Panther and cheetah are other attractions in the dense areas of the region. Don't be surprised if you find a black or a brown bear or even snow leopard. Fishing for trout are also a great option with proper permits and guidelines available in any tourism offices in the region. Iravati, Bipasha and Chandrabhaga are among the many rivers that originate in the hills of the Himalayas along with about 2000 varieties of Gods and Goddesses. Shiva, Kali and The Buddha influences the entire region making it primarily a Hindu state. The religious minorities include Sikh, Muslims, Christians, Gaddis, Gujjars, Kinnaurs and Lahaulis and many other clans.

Himachal Pradesh is a trekker’s paradise. About 136 hilltops can be found above 5000 meters in the tourist offices. The view from the top is absolutely spectacular. The blue sky with occasional clouds toying with winds will render a sense of freedom that is addictive. There is always a danger of unwillingness to return home from the trip. Hail storms, winds and land slides are also frequent. Its ideal to trek between the middle of may to September. Branches of mountaineering institutes are located in Manali and Dharmashala, catering to thousands of enthusiasts every year. Its advisable to contact directly. Skiing is an option in the winter. Due to the unrest in kashmir, the interest has concentrated in Shimla, Manali and Kullu platue.

The region is also of immense spiritual significance to India and the rest of world. Amarnath and Mani Mahesh need a special mention in this regard. The much sought after Shiva Lingam was first discovered in the Solang platue in Kashmir.

Narrow Gauge rail service is available. The toy train route includes Kalka to Shimla and Pathankot to Joginder Nagar. The slow paced journey is romantic and fun. One needs to ensure they have enough time in hand to soak in the beauty to cherish forever. Fares for busses are costly comparatively but equally enjoyable and peaceful. The airports, Bhuntar, Jubbarhati and Gaggal are located around kullu, Shimla and Kangra platue. Chandigarh and Amritsar air routes can also be availed.