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Madhya Pradesh - The Heart of India
The second largest state of India according to the volume, Madhya Pradesh, is located in the middle of India as the name suggests. The rank of the state is 7th in entire India if the population is concerned. Sihor, near to Jabalpur, is located right on the centre point of India. The state of Madhya Pradesh is delimited by 8 adjoining states. Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan are in the north, Maharashtra, Andhra and Chhattisgarh are in the south, Jharkhand and Bihar are in the east where as Rajasthan and Gujarat are in the west of Madhya Pradesh.
The history of Madhya Pradesh dates back to the ancient centuries. Madhya Pradesh was a bright spot in the map of India during Chandela dynasty in 9th Century. The range of temples of Khajuraho in Madhya Pradesh is not only famous in India but also popularly known to the various corners of the world. These impressive temples were created artistically during Chandela dynasty. The excellent fine arts of the Khajuraho temples still shimmer on the sandstones.
Situated at the southern side of the capital (Bhopal) of Madhya Pradesh, Bhimbetka, showcases few magical pictures on the cave. These incredibly astounding cave pictures were portrayed during Stone Age. These impressive art forms don’t pull crowds in huge numbers but the place definitely deserves a visit.
Sanchi Stupa, situated adjacent to Bhopal, recalls the primeval cultures and traditions of Buddha era with magical fine arts. Jain and Hindu caves in Sanchi demonstrate a commingling of both Hindu and Jain architectures.
The 84 feet tall Jain temple, atop the tallest peak (Chulgiri) of Satpura hills, about 128 km away from Indore, houses the tallest Jain Idol of the world, Bawangaja. The deity has 52 arms. 57 feet tall Gomateshwara, however, is the tallest idol which was carved out of a single stone.
Chhattisgarh, previously known as Bundelkhand, positioned on the undulating land of soaring Vindhya hill, was a prolonged territory of Chandela dynasty. Gripping greeneries, astonishing mountains, holy temples and ruins of innumerable forts of Bundelkhand are still pulling huge crowds throughout the year. The name of the valiant Phoolan Devi, popularly known as “Bandit Queen” (Indian Dacoit) is also associated with the name of the town of Bundelkhand.
Arya and plenty of primeval communities live in Madhya Pradesh. Ancient cultures and mores of these old communities are significant and praiseworthy. Historians opine that innumerable Paleolithic Men used to live in the dark holly shades of the mountains of Madhya Pradesh, even 1 lakh years before the birth of the Christ’s child. Even today, 40 percent of Indian tribes and backward communities stay in Madhya Pradesh. The state is densely populated with Hindus and 377 different dialects are there. Most of the city dwellers are quite comfortable in speaking Hindi, the national language of India.
Plenty of inhabitants with different mother tongues are making their living in this diversified territory. The Rivers Tapti and Narmada flow across the lingering land from eastern corridor towards the western tip of Madhya Pradesh. The Vindhya hill and Satpura hill are forming barricade in the northern side and in the southern side of Madhya Pradesh respectively. The lifeline of Madhya Pradesh, the Narmada River flows through the Northern valley of the Vindhya hill where as the River Tapti marks its way through the Southern dale of the Satpura hill. The state of Madhya Pradesh is placed on the plateau formed due to the existence of the Vindhya and Satpura hill. The land of Chhattisgarh is situated on the plains though.
The entire Malwa is covered with Volcanic black stony soil where as the farming lands of Madhya Pradesh are mainly located on the extensive Narmada gorge. The territory of Madhya Pradesh experiences maximum rainfalls during June- September. The temperature during summers remains in the higher side. The humidity, however, in summers stay within a comfortable range.
The wonderful state of Madhya Pradesh is rich in natural resources. 1/3rd of the entire Madhya Pradesh rests in the darkness of the stunning forests. Mineral products of Madhya Pradesh are worthy of mention as well. The state, nevertheless, still occupies the back seat if the production of grains is concerned. Only 15% area of whole Madhya Pradesh is fertile. But, the state is a noteworthy state which produces huge quantity of Soybean (Glycine max). The rank of Madhya Produce in producing oilseed, sugarcane and cotton is always high.
The lovely state houses few important and notable National Parks of India, such as, Kanha, Bandhavgarh, Shivapuri and Rewa. If you are affectionate about the wild tigers, then probably the best place to watch them is the Bandhavgarh National Park. The white skinned tigers were noticed for the first time in Rewa National Park, located adjacent to Bandhavgarh. The animal with 12 horns is the centre of attraction of Bandhavgarh National Park. The compelling greeneries and ambling denizens of Kanha National Park would enthrall all the rejuvenated nature lovers. In 1995, the state of Madhya Pradesh was awarded the honor of the “Tiger Protection State”. Even though catching a glimpse of the Bastar Buffaloes is really tough but people who get an opportunity of seeing them can count themselves in the lucky lot as these buffaloes are the rare and near-extinct species of the world. Chambal, well spread along the western passageway of Gwalior, was regarded as one of the most dangerous woodlands of India earlier. But, both the grandeur and the dreadfulness of the woods have been diminished over time. The attraction of the lush green territory to the general people, however, has never been weakened. The state is truly a paradise for all the holiday makers and swarms of nature lovers.
Click here for the official site of Madhya Pradesh.
The following are the major tourist attractions here:
Kanha National Park and Tiger Reserve Bandhavgarh National Park and Tiger Reserve Amarkantak Mandla Jabalpur Sanchi Panchmarhi Burhanpur Dhar Chitrakoot Bagh Caves Bhimbetka Bhopal Mandu Ujjain Indore Omkareshwar Maheshwar Shivpuri and Madhab National Park Gwalior Jhansi Khajuraho