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Madhya Pradesh - Kanha National Park and Tiger Reserve
Kanha National Park and Tiger Reserve is very rich in flora and fauna. The lush green field of Kanha National Park can be accessed through two entrances, one of which is located in Kisli, at the south- west side of Kanha and other doorway is positioned in Mukki, at the southern side of Kanha. Both of these access points of the National Park are 32 km apart. The fun and excitement increase a lot if you explore the National park riding on an elephant. The entry is restricted to the explorers who purchase tickets. Foreigners, however, have to pay more to get into the National Park.
Indigenous birds, wild animals, soaring mountains and opaque forest are the special charm and attractions of the deciduous forest of Kanha.
Surrounded by Satpura hill and Vindhya hill at the eastern and western sides of Kanha National Park respectively, the forest is one of the well protected National Parks of India. It’s truly a magical destination, atop the Maikal hill, for watching the astounding sights of the strolling natural denizens. Once known as the hunters’ paradise, the Kanha National Park showcases huge numbers of denizens and diversified foliage. One of the most famous natural amphitheaters of the world, the Kanha National Park, is the homeland of 22 species of mammals. The change of seasons is prominently noticeable in the middle of the gripping greenery. The Kanha National Park had been formed in 1930 combining both Hallol (250 square km) and Banjara (300 square km) forests.
Kanha is known as a sanctuary since 1952. Later in 1955 it became a National Park. Hidden in the shades of Sal, Bamboo and Bahera trees, the Kanha National Park is covering 250 square km of green land, atop the Mekhala hill. The elevation of the National Park varies from 450 to 950 meters. The area of the Kanha National Park had increased later on to 1945 square km as Kisli and Mukki range were included in its territory. The core area of the forest is spread across 940 square km though. Kanha Tiger Reserve forest had been formed in 1974 and is covering the entire core area of the woodland.
Banjar, Halkum and Halor rivers mark their ways inside the forest. The name of the Srabon Talao on the vale is associated with the mythological tale.
Jeeps, carrying tourists in huge numbers, run through the roads which are covered with Themeda grass. It’s an enticing experience to explore the farthest part of the forest by hiring a jeep. The journey to the unknown terrains of the forest would truly mesmerize you. Tourists generally have a pleasing time watching the ambling tigers and leopards on the prolonged land of the forest. Various species of deer, such as, Antelope (four horns), Cheetal deer, white gaurs, wild dogs would fascinate the hordes of holiday makers as well. One of the prime and interesting enticements of the Kanha National Park is the deer with 12 horns. The artistry on the brown colored horns of these deer looks fabulous. You may find a number of peacocks with opened plume are blocking your way. This is going to be a thrilling experience for all of you. According to the statistics of 1988, 100 tigers, 62 leopards, 1853 shambars, 17000 cheetal, 547 twelve horned deer, 671 gaurs, panthers, Special species of gazelles (such as Gazella bennettii), hyena, black buck, burking deer and wild pigs are living in the territory of Kanha National Park. 114 tigers are there in the park according to the statistics of 1997.
More than 270 species of colorful and vivacious birds, such as, cuckoo, nightingale, Paradise flycatcher, Partridge, Succulent, vulture and eagle, sing in concert to entertain the swarms of holiday makers. 40 types of animated butterflies spread their wings and fly around. Various species of poisonous reptiles, such as, cobra and Russell’s viper, freely move around the province. The best time to visit Kanha is during November- June but the environment around fascinates everybody, especially during December- March. Tiger sightings is maximum during the summer months of May and June, before the rains sets in.
To enjoy the nature to its fullest you should hire a jeep (hood open) or elephant early in the morning or in the evening while moving inside the forest region. The exploration of Kanha National Park would not be completed if you don’t enjoy a tour across 100 km area of the stunning woodland.
Tigers come to take a bath in the river in the morning and in afternoon during summers. Lucky people can catch a glimpse of these beautiful creatures. Bears come out of their shack to enjoy an evening walk in summers. While traveling on a jeep, remember to look up, for the leopards generally stay on branches.
The best place where from you can watch the beautiful façade of the nature and the beguiling sunrise is the sunset point at Bamni Dadar. This offers the best view around as it is the highest point of Kanha. Platforms for watching wildlife are also there in the vicinity. Don’t forget to carry a binocular along with you.
The temperature of Kanha National Park stays around 24- 42 degrees Celsius where as the temperature in winters hovers around 1 to 24 degrees Celsius. You can even feel the heat in the months of January and February. Often the temperature comes down to 0 degree Celsius in the evening after the sunset. The doorway to enter into the forest is closed during 1st July- 31st October. An early preparation to visit Kanha from Jabalpur would do you a world of good.
Three visitor centers or the exhibitions in Khatia, Mukki and Kanha are the new allurements of Kanha. All these exhibitions are the results of the joint venture between US National Park Service and Indian Center for Environment Education. Besides the research hall, exhibitions in 5 galleries in the old rest house of Kanha, would appease your soul and spirit. The spooky show of the “Encounters in the dark” can be seen in the Light & Sound Show. The details of the show are explained in both Hindi and English for the convenience of the audience. Interested tourists can watch the film show as well in Khatia at 6:30 PM.
How to reach: Chiraidongri, on the Nainpur- Mandla narrow gauge railway track, is the nearest railway station of Kanha. Trains run on the undulating land of the soaring Satpura and Mekhala hills through the deep forest on this route. The natural setting around would definitely enthrall every nature lover. But, it is recommended to visit Kisli and Mukki by bus from Jabalpur. Tourists, who want to visit Kanha from Bilaspur by bus, have to get down at Baihar which is accessible to Mukki (15 km from Baihar) by jeep and by truck. Bilaspur, about 304 km away from Kanha, is a well known railway station which is well connected to Mumbai, Kolkata, Bhubaneswar, Patna and many more cities.
Where to stay: Baghira Log Huts, Tourist Hostel, Forest Rest House, Motel Chandan, Mogli Resort, Wild Chalet Resort, Dyna Resort, Pugmark Resort, Sri Maheshwar Resort, Kanha Safari Lodge, Royal Tiger Resort and Jungle Lodge.
Check our hotel booking links below for photos, rates, options and online bookings.
A fresh kill Deers at Kanha
Tiger at Kanha Termite hill
Sunrise at Kanha