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A Tourist's Guide to Maharashtra
Maharashtra, one of the biggest business centers of India, is the 3rd and 2nd largest Indian state according to the volume and population respectively. The name of Maharashtra has come into picture during 7th century. The triangular shaped state is located on the well stretched out banks of the Arabian ocean. The entire state is marvelously surrounded by lingering Arabian ocean in the western side, Daman, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh in the northern corridor, Goa and Karnataka in the southern direction, Andhra Pradesh and Chhattisgarh in the eastern side. 500 square km of straggling coastal lands of Maharashtra is a treat for the travelers and nature lovers. If geographical area of Maharashtra is concerned, then it’s divided into three independent and contiguous provinces. Konkan coastal low land of Maharashtra is spread across a sprawling 100*80 km of area. The soaring Western Ghats hill range (1400 meters) is acting as a natural barricade which is standing right in between the fascinating ocean and the southern plateau. Trains and vehicles are running through the railway tracks and roads, built on the undulating land of Western Ghats hill. Innumerable rivers start their journey from Western Ghats hill range. One of the largest volcanic lands, Deccan traps, is located at an altitude of 250-350 meters. The history of Maharashtra dates back to bygone era. Maharashtra was previously known as Vidarbha during ancient mythological epoch.
The great leader Shivaji (1627-80) had taken the responsibility of bringing together all the Marathi people 200 years after the Muslim period. He had constructed a fort in Girikandra. It was really a tough fort to access. His motive was to rule India. His province was extended starting from Tanjore to Gwalior. Later on, in 1680, Shivaji took his last breath and it gave the Mughal emperor, Aurangzeb an opportunity to spread his own province around the city of Pune. Mughal emperors gradually won different states of India before British force tackled them with severity.
Various scattered evidences of the state of Maharashtra are showcasing the ancient past of British period. The development of the city of Mumbai has been commenced from the beginning of British period. Indian National Union had also been formed for the first time in Pune. Later on, in 1885, the name of the Indian National Union was changed to Indian National Congress.
Maharashtra was a popular destination for numerous spiritual communities, such as, Buddha, Jain and Hindu. Evidences of that era had also been found on the land of Girikandra. More than 80% of cave temples of India had been carved out of stones in Maharashtra. Thousands of these historical caves were built during 2-9 A.D.
The tour of India would be incomplete for the throng of tourists, if they don’t watch the world famous Buddha cave of Ajanta and enthralling Hindu cave of Ellora. The cave of Ajanta was carved during the ruling periods of Chalukya and Rashtrakuta dynasties, atop the Sahyadri hill. Travelers who move around the world being attracted towards the historical places have to visit both Ajanta and Ellora. The excavations had revealed the existence of plenty of historical substances of stone era.
5 Jyotirlingams are pulling crowds to Maharashtra as well. One of the four Kumbh cities of India is Nasik of Maharashtra. Various tales of mythology had been artistically engraved on the walls of different monuments of Nasik. The well known Hindu pilgrimages called Trimbak and Shirdi are the other coveted destinations of Maharashtra.
Rice, wheat, buckwheat, sugarcane, cotton and tobacco are the chief foodstuffs which are produced in abundance on the well spread out plateau on the banks of Godavari, Vhima, and Krishna rivers. Spices produced on the undulating and rugged farming lands of Western Ghats hill range are being exported all over the world all throughout the year.
Maharashtra is a pompous state as it has 4 lush green National Parks and more than 25 protracted sanctuaries. The Melghat Tiger Project of Maharashtra is positioned in Vidarbha.
Maharashtra, however, is popularly known as an industrial state and financial hub more than anything else. Each and everything can be found and bought from the territory of the magical Mumbai, which is the financial hub of India. The film industry of Mumbai is known as Bollywood all over the world. More than half of the featured films of India are produced in 12 studios of Mumbai. Almost 300 films are produced in Mumbai every year. It is the second highest film producing city after Hong Kong. Innumerable movie theaters are scattered in and around the city of Mumbai. Movies are shown in all three different languages, such as, Gujarati, Marathi and Hindi. The prominent business hub of India, Mumbai, is a rich city. Huge numbers of people are regularly moving in to Mumbai every year for betterment of their careers. The busiest railway station and airport of India are located in Mumbai as well.
Click here for the official site of Maharashtra.
For the tourist attractions of Maharashtra and travel guide, check the links below:
Pune Khandala Murud- Janjira Mumbai (1) Mumbai (2) Mumbai (3) Matheran Karla Caves Ellora Caves Ajanta Caves Aurangabad Jalgaon Nanded Parli Vaijnath Hill Resort and Yotir Lingam Tadoba Andheri Tiger Reserve Sevagram Shirdi Sain Kolhapur Panchgani, Pandharpur, Solapur and Purandar Fort Mahabaleshwar Melghat Tiger Reserve and Chikhaldara Nasik Bhandardara Vajreshwari Hot Spring Pench Tiger Reserve, Mansar and Ramtek Jawaharlal Nehru National Park Nagpur Ganapatipule and Ratnagiri