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Rajasthan - Jodhpur - A Traveller's Guide
Located at an altitude of 236 meters, Jodhpur, atop the hill of sandstones, the second largest city of Rajasthan, was built by the emperor Rathore Jodha in 1459. The name of the city was derived from the Baggytight trousers Jodhpurs.
The entire city of Jodhpur is delimited by a 9.5 meters long fortification which was built in 16th century. There were 8 ways to access Jodhpur. The temperature of the city stays around 36.6 degrees to 42.2 degrees Celsius in summers. On the other hand, the temperature generally hovers around 15.5 degrees to 27.7 degrees Celsius in winters. The average rainfall of the city is 12 mm. The best time to watch the magnificence and enjoy the pleasant weather at the same time is during October- March.
The city has plenty of dotted enticements around. The astonishing city was popularly known as the “Blue city”. The city looks like a maze as slender streets are spread all over the city. The well decorated homes and temples at the roadsides make this place an amiable destination. Hati Ka Mahal, on the banks of Gulab Sagar, at the eastern side of the fort, is an enticing attraction. The Jharoka architectures on the walls of the Rajmahal Palace are marvelous.
Sri Krishna temple, Meharangarh fort, Ganga Shyam temple with an astounding crest, Jashwant Thada and enamoring Umaid Bhawan are the coveted destinations of Jodhpur. The Mahamandir of Nath community is attractive as well. The holy temple is standing tall on 84 adjoining pillars.
Many tourists purchase the Tie and Dye prints and shoes of Jodhpur.
About 5 km away from the heart of the city, Meharangarh fort (457*228), at an altitude of 121 meters, atop the Godagari Basalt tila (hillock), was erected by Pradhan Jodha Rao in 1459. The beguiling fort is surrounded by a 9.5 meters long wall. The height of the fort varies from 6 to 36 meters where as its breadth varies from 3 to 21 meters. Circular and quadrilateral domes on the stretched out fortification look amazing. 101 bulwarks were there on the fort premise earlier. Palace, soldier base, temple and dotted homes of different Amlas were there inside the captivating fort previously. To keep the places of the fort secret, the emperor had killed the architect of the Meharangarh fort.
Today tourists can explore 18 different portions of the Meharangarh fort. Countless numbers of historical monuments and substances are put on display.
Tourists receive a warm and royal welcome right at the entrance of the fort with musical instruments. 7 doorways are there to get into the fort. The 1st doorway, also known as the gateway of victory, was built by Ajit Singh in 1708 as a commemorative of the victory against the Mughal troop. The marks of shells are still prominent. The 6th gateway, positioned at the north- east side of the fort, was built by Man Singh in 1806 and was a renowned commemorative of the victory of the combined force of Jaipur and Bikaner. A cenotaph in the close propinquity still recalls the fall of the security force of the fort in battle against the Jaipur king. 15 queens of Man Singh had sacrificed their lives along with the death of their husband. The impression of the hands of the queens are there on the 7th gateway namely Loha pole.
Hit the Singer Chawk crossing the Suraj Pole. Nagchen Ji temple, located amidst the chawk, is the holy place where the royal family members used to arrive at for getting married. Huge number of holiday makers along with guides starts their journey towards the fort and museum from the temple compound. A series of palaces are there one after the other on the way. The Coronation throne (made up of marbles) in Moti Mahal, Darbar Mahal, golden flowers at various vaults and the ornamentations on the ceiling would appease your soul. The Darbar hall, built by the emperor Abhay Singh, illustrates art forms of primeval era on the golden ornamentations. 80 kilograms of gold were used to decorate the entire monument.
The attires used in wars, weapons, various types of portraits, a lock of 17 ½ kg, Hawda, cradle, Jafri architectures on the Royal Harem, ceiling of sandalwoods, walls with mounted mirrors, lavish tent palace, innumerable expensive articles and musical instruments are maintained and displayed on the fort premise. Two Talao (Sagar), called Rani and Gulab are there inside the fort as well. On the southern rampart of the fort, a war shooter is kept. The holy temple of Chamunda or Durga, is an abode of the divine power. The deity of this consecrated temple was the chief deity of the fort and was brought all the way from Mandore in 1460. The imposing sight of the city can be watched comfortably from the Vantage point. The green colored houses in the city are the homes of the Brahmins and you can easily distinguish these homes from the several other homes around standing on the vantage point. The exceptional architectural touch and 360 types of Jafri works make the fort an attractive tourists’ spot. Spend rupees 30 per head to watch the captivating fort along with a guide.
The Jaswant Thada was a commemorative of Jaswant Singh and was built during 1978- 1995. The architectural splendor of the Jaswant Thada, erected by the widow queen in 1899, is majestic. The thin marbles used to act as the filter of sunlight previously. A metal pitcher is positioned atop the monument. The interior of the memorial is adorned with numerous pictures of ancient Rathore rulers. A number of other shrines are there as well. Most of these shrines look like temples. Purchase a ticket spending 30 rupees to see the beautiful fort during 8:30 a.m. to 5:30 p.m.
The Umaid Bhawan palace, atop the Chattar hill, was built using pink marbles, and it is the greatest attraction of the place. It displays an Italian architectural opulence. The construction had started in 1929 with a noble cause of helping the occupiers of land and had ended in 1942. 3000 laborers had worked really hard to complete the construction of the monument. 347 rooms of the palace had interlocking systems. The architect namely Julius Stephan Norblin of Poland was responsible for the interior designing of the palace. A museum is there in the palace as well. Gilt of gold has been used to imprint the mythological tales on the walls of Dewan-E-Khas. Dewan-E-Aam, Throne Room, Library, clock on a ring, model airplane of the emperor, weapons and furniture still have immense historical values. The sound generated from a clock resembles the melodious tunes produced by birds. 195*103 meters palace has a central dome which has a height of 32 meters. The dining hall looks a lot like the Buddhist Chaitya Hall. After coming out of the Raika Bagh, the ruler Umaid Singh had stayed in this palace for rest of his life. The stately family members still enjoy their stay in this royal palace.
Tourists can stay at Umaid Bhawan Palace Hotel and enjoy a close view of the palace. A “swimming viaduct” had been built under the soil but general people would not be able to watch this. Tourists, however, can spend 3000 rupees to take the delight in the brilliance of the palace. Hire a guide and watch the museum inside the palace by spending 15 rupees.
In 1836 the Jodhpur railway had started its operation with a train which used to be pulled by a camel. The nearby railway carriage is another historical enticement. Later on the railway network was spread across sprawling 2400 km. Catch a glimpse of the ornamentations on the silver fittings and the own railway compartment of the ancient emperor.
Sadar Government Museum, nestled in the Umaid Public Garden, houses a museum and a library now. Local art forms, craft items, Rock Salt Carvings, Stuffed animals, Camel and many more historical items are on display in the museum. The collection of primeval archeological items is praiseworthy. The zoo of Jodhpur is also located inside the Umaid Public Garden.
A number of scattered water bodies make the city even more attractive to the eyes of the holiday makers.
Balsamand Lake, about 7 km away towards the northern side of the city, was excavated in 1159. The lake is surrounded by an sastounding orchard. A summer palace had been built in 1936 on the prolonged land, adjacent to the installed dam. The newly built Great Temple or the temple of Santoshi Mata is attracting throng of spiritual crowds as well.
Watching the holy idol of the Mahamandir, built in 1812, about 10 km towards the north- eastern side of the city and the divine atmosphere around, would be an enticing experience for everyone. The deity Shiva is residing on the hallowed throne of the temple which was established strongly on 84 contiguous pillars. The carvings of the temple display various postures and postures of yoga.
The Kailana Lake, about 10 km towards the western side of Jodhpur, excavated by the emperor Pratap Singh in 1827, is the largest Lake of Jodhpur. The place, covering a rambling 84 square km of land around the Lake, is a charming spot for the picnic and outing lovers.
The Pratap Lake is supplying water to the city of Jodhpur. The Bungalow of irrigation department had been built on the banks of the Lake.
Mandore, the capital of Rajputs (6-14 century), about 8 km towards the northern side of Jodhpur, is recollecting the memories of Rajput emperors. Later on, the place was captured by Rathore dynasty. The historical fort and monuments are not there anymore. A well decorated ground in the vicinity houses a Chattis (of Rathore dynasty) which resembles the structure of a temple. The magical architectural touches are prominently visible on the red sandstones. The chattis of the ruler Ajit Singh is huge and is the prime attraction of Mandore. The sanctified temple, built during 1595-1619, is really attractive. The fountain and museum, placed in the close proximity, deserve a visit as well. The Hall of Heroes, erected in 18th century, is renowned for its carvings. 33 millions idols of the Hall of Heroes were carved out of single stones.
The Marwar Festival, held in Mandore in the month of October, is a crowd puller. You can avail a bus or hire a car to Mandore from Jodhpur.
Interested tourists can hire a car or avail a bus from Jodhpur to the Dhawa Wildlife Sanctuary, about 45 km away from Jodhpur towards Barmer. This is the famous homeland of Antelopes.
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How to reach: Jodhpur is well connected to prime Indian cities, such as, Bikaner, Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Jaisalmer, Lucknow and Chennai by railway networks. Frequent buses are available from Jaisalmer, Bikaner, Marwar and other neighboring destinations to Jodhpur. You can comfortably visit Jodhpur from Mumbai and Delhi by flights as well.
Where to stay: Hotel Kalinga, Hotel Rajwara, Hotel Devi Bhawan, Prithvi Hotel, Arun Hotel, Hotel Rajputana Palace, Hotel Nikky International, Hotel Park Plaza, Holiday Inn Paradise Guest House and Balsammand Lake Palace.
Check our hotel booking links below for photos, rates, options and online bookings.